Generally, there are two types of exercises that can be used to keep fit and healthy. One is the so-called aerobic exercises and the other the anaerobic exercises. Aerobic exercises used to keep fit are exercises of low intensity duration.
Both exercises, aerobic and anaerobic involve exercises that targets training for speed, strength and eccentricity.
Aerobic exercises used in keeping fit are called cardiovascular exercises as they generally strengthen the cardiac muscles.
Examples of exercises used to keep fit and healthy can include any of the following:
- Climbing of stairs
- Use of an elliptical trainer
- Using an indoor rower
- Use of a Stairmaster
- The treadmill A stationary bicycle
The mentioned aerobic exercises in keeping fit and healthy are exercises that can be easily done indoors.
Examples of aerobic exercises that can be done outdoors can include:
- Bicycling, either of slow speed and high speed
- Skiing cross-country
- Inline skating
- Running, either as a hobby or for competition preparation
- Jogging Nordic walking
These aerobic exercises indoors and outdoors had been shown to give the following health benefits.
Lowering of blood pressure, increased red blood cells number to facilitate easy oxygen transport inside the body, over –all mental health, reduction of stress and decrease in the incidence of depression.
Benefits of exercises in keeping fit and healthy can also include:
Reduction in the incidence of diabetes burning of body fat resulting leaner muscles.
In addition to indoor and outdoor exercises to keep you fit and healthy, there are also aerobic exercises both applicable indoors and outdoors, such as swimming, either recreational or for competition, kickboxing, jumping rope or circuit training
Either way, the exercises must be suitable to the individual capacity age and physical condition of the person.
Anaerobic exercises are those physical exertions that are intense to the extent of triggering anaerobic metabolism.
These exercises are those used by athletes involved in non-endurance sports. These exercises aim to promote speed, strength, power. In special cases of body builders anaerobic exercises promotes creation of body mass.
This exercise (anaerobic) differs from aerobic exercises as muscles trained in the former tends to develop different from the latter (aerobic), which promotes elevated performance for activities of high intensity and short duration lasting from a few seconds or up to two minutes.